How is Margin Trade Funding different from Loans Against Shares?

Margin Trade Funding (MTF)

Margin Trade Funding (MTF) is a flexible option for investors; it enables them to trade beyond owned resources and boost their profits if the prices increase on expected lines.  The service is granted against a pre-approved list of securities by the broker, subject to predefined haircut for margin. A margin account’s buying power changes on a daily basis and depends on the price movement of the marginable securities.  By using MTF, investors can raise money to buy additional securities without selling their long-term investments.

 

Loan Against Shares(LAS)

Loan Against Shares(LAS) enables investors to borrow funds against their listed securities including shares, mutual funds, insurance and bonds. Mostly, the investors use this option when they are faced with an unexpected need to decide whether to raise new funds or liquidate the already existed investments. The loan comes with an interest rate that borrowers need to pay monthly on the amount they withdraw from the loan account and for the period fund is utilized.

 

There are more similarities in these two services than differences. The nature of these services can be understood based on its application, process and terms & conditions. While investors have to put their shares as security to avail LAS service, the MTF services can be availed by just opening a margin fund account and paying an initial margin (IM). A loan borrowed under LAS service cannot be used for buying shares while an MTFborrower can use the loan money to buy stocks and can carry on trading.

 

Margin Trade Funding:

Whenever an investor falls short of funding to buy shares, he calls up his broker to provide him with the shortfall amount. His broker instantly facilitates the amount to his margin funding account so that he can complete the transaction. To use this service, investors either need to pay a part of the total purchase value or pledge his existing approved securities as margin. The remaining balance purchase value is being funded by NBFC. Under MTF, an investor needs to take care of three important steps – maintain the minimum margin (MM) through the trading session,square-up his position at the end of every trading session, and convert the bought shares into a delivery order after trading.

 

Loan Against Shares:

 

It is an overdraft facility against an investor’s dematerialized shares. An investor cannot get a loan against all his shares as banks typically define the criteria of shares that can be pledged against the loanamount. This criterionincludes a list of approved securities against which they will provide a loanto a borrower. The amount of loan is calculated with respect to the percentage of the share’s value, which can be anywhere between 50% – 70% for equity shares. For example, if an investor has stocks worth Rs 10 lakh, he can get a loan of Rs 5 – 7 lakh against the shares, depending on the liquidity of the stocks in his portfolio. The advantage of LAS service is that the interest rate is lower than a personalloan or credit card as it is secured by collateral.

 

Prabhudas Lilladher Financial Services Pvt. Ltd. (www.plindia.com) is an RBI-approvedNBFC arm of PL group. It offers margin funding, finance against shares & securities to meet fund requirements of various categories of borrowers.

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